The Pfizer-BioNTech Vaccine Covid-19

The Pfizer-BioTech vaccine COVID-19 help our bodies develop immunity to the virus without getting the illness. It usually takes a few weeks for the body to produce T-lymphocytes and B-lymphocytes after vaccination.

On December 11, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued the first emergency use authorization (EUA) for a vaccine for the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

Therefore, a Covid-19 vaccine developed by Pfizer and BioNTech appears to protect against a coronavirus variant that spreads rapidly to others.

How the Pfizer/BioNTech Vaccine works?

Vaccine Covid-19 works?

Side effects

After vaccination, symptoms such as fever sometimes can occur during the immune building process. These symptoms are normal and are a sign that the body is building immunity.

Most common side effects:-

(i) In the arm where you got the shot:

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Redness

(ii) In your bodies:

  • Chills
  • Tiredness
  • Headache

Usually, these side effects begin within a day or two of receiving the vaccine. As well as, they may feel symptoms of the flu, and they may also affect the ability to do daily work, but don’t worry, the side effect will go away in a few days.

COVID-19 Vaccines Require More Than One Doses

As reported by the BBC, this specific vaccine requires two doses. Immunity starts to build in 12 days after the first jab. After 21 days, a second dose is required to allow the body to develop full immunity by day 28.

Doses of vaccine covid-19

Who should get vaccinated

  • The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine is recommended for people 16 years of age and older.

Who should not get vaccinated

  • If you have had a severe allergic reaction such as anaphylaxis or an immediate allergic reaction, even if it was not severe, to any ingredient in an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine, you should not have received the mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.
  • Moreover, a person who had a severe allergic reaction which is anaphylaxis or an immediate allergic reaction, even if it was not severe, after receiving the first dose of the vaccine, you should not be given another dose of the mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.
  • An immediate allergic reaction within 4 hours after getting vaccinated, including symptoms such as hives, swelling, or wheezing.
  • People who are allergic to PEG or polysorbate should not receive the mRNA COVID-19 vaccine.

Vaksin Covid-19 Keluaran Pfizer (COMIRNATY®)

Bagaimana Vaksin Comirnaty bertindak dalam tubuh badan ?

Gambar Vaksin covid-19 bertindak

Kandungan Vaksin Comirnaty

Kandungan vaksin comirnaty

Apakah Kesan sampingan ?

Kesan sampingan vaksin covid-19

Dos yang diperlukan untuk Vaksin Comirnaty

Setiap individu perlu menerima 2 dos vaksin Comirnaty dengan tempoh masa sekurang-kurangnya 21 hari di antara dos pertama dan dos kedua.

Individu yang boleh mendapat suntikan Vaksin Comirnaty

Semua individu yang berusia 18 tahun ke atas boleh mengambil vaksin Comirnaty di Malaysia.

 

Individu yang tidak sesuai untuk menerima Vaksin Comirnaty

Vaksin Comirnaty tidak sesuai diberikan kepada individu:

  • Mempunyai sejarah alahan yang serius seperti anafilaksis, terhadap makanan/ubat/persekitaran sehingga memerlukan rawatan hospital.
  • Individu yang mengalami alahan yang serius selepas menerima dos pertama vaksin Comirnaty.
  • Menjalani pemindahan organ seperti buah pinggang atau sel stem darah dalam masa 3 bulan sebelum divaksinasi.
  • Menjalani rawatan kanser seperti kemoterapi, radioterapi, imunoterapi.
  • Mengidap penyakit HIV dengan sel darah putih CD4 < 200 cells/mL
  • Ibu yang mengandung atau merancang untuk hamil
  • Demam disebabkan jangkitan virus atau bakteria
  • Menerima rawatan antibodi monoclonal atau plasma darah sebagai rawatan untuk COVID-19 dalam masa 3 bulan sebelum divaksinasi
  • Mempunyai sel darah platelet yang rendah (< 50,000 per microlitre)
References:

Vaccine, vaccination, COMIRNATY®,  COVID-19, SARS-CoV2, immunity, immune,  illness, T-lymphocyte, B-lymphocyte, Pfizer, BioNTech, RNA vaccine, mRNA covid-19 vaccine, work, side effects, symptoms, sign, shot, bodies, doses, two doses, jab, anaphylaxis, allergic, severe, PEG, polysorbate.

                    ABOUT THE AUTHOR  

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Raihan Ridzuan

Raihan Ridzuan, Bachelor of Science (Hons) Pharmacology, is staff officer of Mayflax, one of the nation’s leading healthcare and marketing company.

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